Also, as Joseph Story noted, had the Constitution been loaded with religion, states like Virginia would have been unable to ratify because of their own laws and charters.
Joseph Story was a Supreme Court justice and wrote the first major analysis of the Constitution. More here:
There is nothing ambiguous about this statement -- the national government was not authorized to establish a state religion and neither should it interfer with the free expression of religious worship.
And then we have that other little fact called Article VI:
"This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding."
“I consider the government of the United States as interdicted by the Constitution from intermeddling with religious institutions, their doctrines, discipline, or exercises. This results not only from the provision that no law shall be made respecting the establishment or free exercise of religion, but from that also which reserves to the States the powers not delegated to the United States. Certainly, no power to prescribe any religious exercise or to assume authority in any religious discipline has been delegated to the General government. It must then rest with the States.”
"…the whole power over the subject of religion is left exclusively to the State governments to be acted upon according to their own sense of justice and the State constitutions.”
---Justice Joseph Story in Commentaries on the Constitution
Daniel Dreishbach wrote a good book called "Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation Between Church and State" I have not finished it yet but it gives some real insight into the quote your cited from Jefferson and exactly what it means.
You are wrong on this one. I know many strict secularists that at least admit that the Founders intended to leave religion to the states."
I for one do not believe there is any "form" of Christian government. I think there are principles that can be used to form governments. I am more interested in the principles behind the purpose of the government. With that said, I think most on this site agree that Republicanism is not a Christian idea. That should free us up to discuss the "Godless Constitution" theory and hopefully sooner or later get to the DOI. I was going to post on Gary Amos and the DOI but I think David and Tom have the floor right now and I do not want to distract from a great discussion on a relevant topic. Let's all chime in and invite our friends.